Style is the way something is expressed and is the reflection of your personality, voice as a writer. It is the technique which the author uses in his or her writings, It is not a question of what is right or wrong but a function of what is appropriate for a particular audience and setting. Your writing style can be based on the objective of what you are writing for – you may just want to describe the details of a character or event, persuade somebody to agree with your point of view or explain how something works.
Elements of Writing Style
Voice is a key element of writing style which reflects the writer’s personality and style. It can be objective, funny, reflective or impersonal. While the tone of your writing can vary depending on the situation but the voice is the essential expression of your individual thoughts.
Word Choice is your diction and how precise and concise you are in choosing the exact words to convey meaning. It is important to use adjectives sparingly and adverbs rarely while you let the nouns and verbs do most of the work. Writers should choose words that contribute to the flow of a sentence – alliteration and consonants create words that roll of the tongue while onomatopoeia and short words break up the sentences.
Sentence fluency is the way sentences and phrases rhyme and it involves the use of a variety of sentences with different rhythms and lengths to achieve different effects. It is key to use parallel structures within sentences and paragraphs to reflects parallel ideas. Writers should understand how to arrange their ideas within a sentence to achieve the best effect. Avoid loose sentences, delete extraneous words and rearrange your ideas for effect.
Types of Writing Styles
Narrative Writing – this style of writing usually involves dialogue and characters because the main goal telling a story. It has a definite and logical beginning with situations such as disputes, conflicts and eventual solutions. Some examples of narrative writing include Short stories, Novellas, Novels and Poetry.
Persuasive Writing – this style of writing entails writing to convince the readers to agree with author’s point of view. Persuasive writing is based on justification and arguments because it contains the biases and opinions of the writer. It is driven by a call-to action thereby asking the readers to do something about the situation. Persuasive Writing is mostly seen in Letters of complaints and recommendation, Reviews, Editorial and opinion newspaper pieces, advertisements and others.
Descriptive Writing – this style of writing focuses on describing the details of a place, event or character. It is usually poetic in nature and the writer tries to give a visual description of whatever he or she sees, hears or perceives. Narrative writing is employed in Poetry, Journal or diary writing and also in descriptive writing in some fiction pieces.
Expository Writing – this style of writing is subject oriented because its main objective is to explain and inform. In expository writing, the writer focuses on telling you about a particular topic without sharing their opinion about it. It is written in a sequence and logical order often equipped with facts and figures. Expository writing is used in Textbooks, Business, scientific or technical writings, How-to articles, Recipes, Essays and more.